Write all answers in English.
1. Read the dialogue and follow the directions.(30 points)
T o m: There will be a big tennis match taking place, won’t there?
Mary: Yes, there is going to be a semi-final for the Continental Grand Prize.
T o m: Who do you think is going to win?
Mary: Susan is likely to win, I guess.
John: What makes you think so?
Mary: The fact is, Susan has practiced very hard and with great passion. She is really strong, so she will be tough
John: I know it is tough that other players defeat her. But they have to beat her to make it into the final.
T o m: Do you really believe Susan to be so strong?
Mary: Yes, I am her fan. I want her to win and somehow I feel like it’s going to happen.
T o m: Do you know where the final will be?
Mary: Yes. In the Central Stadium is a tennis court. That’s where the match will be taking place next Friday
afternoon. Let me show you on this map. You see, the stadium is behind City Hall. Here is the tennis court.
T o m: Oh, I see.
First, locate one ungrammatical expression in the above dialogue and discuss why it is ungrammatical, suggesting
how it has to be corrected. Second, explain why (1a) and (2a) would not sound natural in place of the underlined
sentences above, whereas (1b) and (2b) do sound natural. Third, note that (4a) is grammatical but (4b) is
ungrammatical while (3a) and (3b) are both grammatical. Focusing on here and there, discuss why (4b) is
ungrammatical, comparing it with (4a) in terms of their syntactic, semantic, and phonological features.
(1) a. It is likely that Susan will win, I guess.
b. Susan is likely to win, I guess.
(2) a. A tennis court is in the Central Stadium.
b. In the Central Stadium is a tennis court.
(3) a. There will be a big tennis match on Friday afternoon.
b. Here will be a big tennis match on Friday afternoon.
(4) a. There will be a big tennis match on Friday afternoon, won’t there?
b. *Here will be a big tennis match on Friday afternoon, won’t here?
(* indicates the ungrammaticality of the sentence.)
2. Read the poems and follow the directions.(20 points)
1. To a Daughter Leaving Home
When I taught you
at eight to ride
a bicycle, loping along
as you wobbled away
on two round wheels,
my own mouth rounding
in surprise when you pulled
ahead down the curved
path of the park,
I kept waiting
for the thud
of your crash as I
sprinted to catch up,
while you grew
smaller, more breakable
for your life, screaming
the hair flapping
behind you like a
* lope: to jog swiftly
2. The Red Hat
It started before Christmas. Now our son
officially walks to school alone.
Semi-alone, it’s accurate to say:
I or his father track him on the way.
He walks up on the east side of West End,
we on the west side. Glances can extend
(and do) across the street; not eye contact.
Already ties are feeling and not fact.
Straus Park is where these parallel paths part;
he goes alone from there. The watcher’s heart
stretches, elastic in its love and fear,
toward him as we see him disappear,
striding briskly. Where two weeks ago,
holding a hand, he’d dawdle, dreamy, slow,
he now is hustled forward by the pull
of something far more powerful than school.
The mornings we turn back to are no more
than forty minutes longer than before,
but they feel vastly different flimsy, strange,
wavering in the eddies of this change,
empty, unanchored, perilously light
since the red hat vanished from our sight.
* dawdle: to spend time idly
* flimsy: feeble
* eddies: swirling waters
The above two poems, one dealing with a story about a young girl’s learning to ride a bicycle, the other about
a young boy’s learning to walk to school, are interpreted to share a common thematic idea. First, focusing on what
is going on between the “I” and the young daughter, write about the thematic idea of the first poem in less than
two lines. Second, explain the metaphorical meanings of the four underlined parts of the first poem in one
paragraph. Third, in another paragraph, explain both literally and metaphorically what has been happening to the son
between now and two weeks ago in the second poem.